CFP: WOMEN WHO KILL IN ENGLISH-SPEAKING CINEMA AND TV SERIES OF THE POSTFEMINIST ERA

Printable version Wednesday 16 December 2015 Last updated at 17:35

Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, October 13-14, 2016

This symposium is organized by the group working on “Creating Disorder” within the CAS (EA 801). It is meant as a follow-up to the international conference “Unspeakable Acts: Murders by Women,” organized in February 2015 by Aurélie Guillain, Emeline Jouve, Laurence Talairach-Vielmas and Héliane Ventura, which focused mainly on 19th- and 20th-century literature and drama. The symposium will seek to pursue the lines of inquiry raised at the conference: the female murderer as a figure that destabilizes order; the tension between criminal and victim; the relationship between crime and expression (or the lack thereof); and the paradox whereby a crime can be both an act of destruction and a creative assertion of agency.

Within the fields of film and television studies, feminist critics and scholars of the 1980s and 1990s have extensively analyzed the figures of women murderers in classical film genres like film noir and melodrama, as well as in less savory genres like the horror films of the 1970s and 1980s. Such figures, often adapted from literary sources (The Maltese Falcon, Mildred Pierce, Leave Her to Heaven, Whatever Happened to Baby Jane?, Tess of the D’Urbervilles), have existed since the silent era. Yet what may have been an exception seems to be becoming more common. Women who kill abound in contemporary films and TV shows, including Butterfly Kiss (Michael Winterbottom, 1995), The Wire (HBO, 2002-2008), Kill Bill (Quentin Tarantino, 2003-2004), Monster (2004), Lost (ABC, 2004-2010), Jennifer’s Body (Karyn Kusama, 2009), Bathory (Juraj Jakubisko, 2008), Luther (BBC, 2010-), The Hunger Games (2012-), The Americans (FX, 2013-), Orange Is the New Black (Netflix, 2013-), Prisoners (Denis Villeneuve, 2013) and Gone Girl (David Fincher, 2014). The increasing number of these characters probably goes hand in hand with the increasing number of strong female heroines. Far from displaying gratuitous violence by women, some of these contemporary works justify or, at least try to explain, why the murders happened in the first place (as an act of revenge, an answer to their oppression, a way to fit in their environment, an expression of their psychotic personalities, and so forth), while others tend to question these very motives. Seeing as many of today’s producers, filmmakers and screenwriters have gone through film school, it is more than likely that many are aware of the theses developed in feminist film and television studies; Diablo Cody, for instance, admitted having Barbara Creed’s Monstrous-Feminine in mind when writing the screenplay for Jennifer’s Body. The series and films are also, no doubt, reacting to discourses that have been widely circulating in the media, and that testify to the impact queer, gender and feminist studies have had on popular culture at large. Another contemporary phenomenon that must be taken into account is postfeminism, a “market-led phenomenon” which, by promoting female success stories, seems to “lead to the conclusion that the time for feminism is past” (Gamble 42-44). These women who kill may simply be symptomatic of postfeminist trends.

The symposium will aim, first, at assessing the influence of feminist, queer and gender studies on mainstream television and cinema, notably in the genres (film noir, horror, melodrama) that have received the most critical attention from this perspective, but more importantly perhaps, at analyzing the politics of representation by considering these works of fiction in their contexts and addressing some of their ambiguities.

Proposals must include a 300-500-word abstract, a short bibliography and a bio, and should be sent to the organizers by March 14, 2016:

Zachary Baqué: zachary.baque@univ-tlse2.fr

Cristelle Maury: cristellemaury@gmail.com

David Roche: mudrock@neuf.fr

 

Scientific Committee: Donna Andréolle (Université du Havre), Jean-François Baillon (Université Bordeaux Montaigne), Elizabeth de Cacqueray (UT2J), Georges-Claude Guilbert (Université François Rabelais Tours), Aurélie Guillain (UT2J), Hélène Charlery (UT2J), Emeline Jouve (Université Champolion Albi), Marianne Kac-Vergne (Université de Picardie), Gilles Menegaldo (Université de Poitiers), Monica Michlin (Université Paul Valéry), Isabelle Schmitt-Pitiot (Université de Bourgogne) and Shannon Wells-Lassagne (Université de Bretagne Sud)

 

Selective Bibliography

Andrin, Muriel. Maléfiques, le mélodrame filmique américain et ses héroines, 1940-1953, Bruxelles, Berne, Berlin: Peter Lang, 2005.

Birch, Helen, ed. Moving Targets Women Murder and Representation. Berkeley: U of California P, 1994.

Burfoot and Lord, eds. Killing Women: The Visual Culture of Gender and Violence. Waterloo: Wilfried Laurier, 2006.

Cadiet, Loïc, ed. Figures de femmes criminelles : De l'Antiquité à nos jours. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2010.

Cardi, Coline and Geneviève Pruvost, eds. Penser la violence des femmes. Paris: La Découverte, 2012.

Clover, Carol. J. Men, Women and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1992.

Cowie, Elizabeth. “Film Noir and Women.” Shades of Noir: a Reader. Ed. Joan Copjec. London and New York: Verso, 1993. 121-65.

Creed, Barbara. The Monstrous-Feminine: Film, Feminism, Psychoanalysis. London and New York: Routledge, 1993.

---. Phallic Panic: Film, Horror and the Primal Uncanny. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2005.

De Laurentis, Teresa. Alice Doesn’t: Feminism, Semiotics, Cinema. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984.

Doane, Mary Ann. Femmes Fatales: Feminism, Film Theory, Psychoanalysis. London and New York: Routledge, 1991.

Gamble, Sarah, ed. The Routledge Companion to Feminism and Postfeminism. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. 

Grant, Barry Keith, ed. The Dread of Difference: Gender and the Horror Film. Austin: U of Texas P, 1996.

Grossman, Julie. Rethinking the Femme Fatale: Ready For Her Close-Up. London: Palgrave, 2009.

Halberstam, Judith. Skin Shows: Gothic Horror and the Technology of the Monster. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 1995.

---. Female Masculinity. Durham, NC and London: Duke UP, 1998.

Hanson, Helen. Hollywood Heroines Women in Film Noir and the Female Gothic Film. London and New York: I. B. Tauris 2008.

Hanson Helen and Catherine O’Rawe. The Femme Fatale: Images, Histories, Contexts. London: Palgrave, 2010.

Hildenbrand, Karen, ed. Cycnos 23.2 (2006) “Figures de femmes assassines, représentations et idéologies.” <http://revel.unice.fr/cycnos/index.html?id=618>.

hooks, bell. Real to Reel: Race, Class and Sex at the Movies. New York and London: Routledge, 2009 [1996].

Inness, Sherrie A. Tough Girls: Women Warriors and Wonder Women in Popular Culture. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1998.

---, ed. Action Chicks: New Images of Tough Women in Popular Culture. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Jones, Ann. Women Who Kill. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.

Kaplan E Ann, ed. Women in Film Noir. London: BFI, 1978.

Kuhn, Annette. Women’s Pictures: Feminism and Cinema. London and New York: Verso, 1993.

Modleski, Tania. Loving with a Vengeance. London and New York: Routledge, 2006.

Nalepa, Laurie and Richard Pfefferman. The Murder Mystique: Female Killers and Popular Culture. Wesport, CO and London: Praeger, 2013.

Parker L. Juli, ed. Representations of Murderous Women in Literature, Theatre, Film and Television: Examining the Patriarchal Presuppositions Behind the Treatment of Murderesses in Fiction and Reality. Lewinston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press Ltd, 2010.

Plain, Gill. Twentieth-Century Crime Fiction: Gender, Sexuality and the Body. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2001.

Rosalind, Gill. Gender and the Media. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2006.

Rosalind Gill and Christina Scharff, eds. New Femininities: Postfeminism, Neoliberalism and Subjectivity. Basingstone, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Russo, Mary. The Female Grotesque: Risk, Excess and Modernity. New York and London: Routledge, 1995.

Seal, Lizzie. Women, Murder and Femininity: Representations of Women Who Kill. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Stables, Kate. “The Postmodern Always Rings Twice: Constructing the Femme Fatale in 90s Cinema.” Women in Film Noir. Ed. E. Ann Kaplan. London: BFI, 1998. 164-82.

Tasker Yvonne.  “Women in Film Noir.” A Companion to Film Noir. Ed. Andrew Spicer and Helen Hanson. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell, 2013. 353-68.

---. Soldiers’ Stories: Military Women in Cinema and Television Since World War II. Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2011.

Walker, Janet. “Hollywood, Freud and the Representation of Women: Regulations and Contradiction, 1945-early 60s.” Home is Where the Heart is, Studies in Melodrama and the Woman's Film. Ed. Christine Gledhill. London: BFI, 1994. 197-214.

Wallace, Marilyn. Sisters in Crime. New York: Berkley Books, 1989.

Williams, Linda. “When the Woman Looks.” The Dread of Difference: Gender in the Horror Film. Ed. Barry Keith Grant. Austin, TX: U of Texas P, 1996: 15-34.

---. On The Wire. Durham, NC and London: Duke UP, 2014.

 

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